The Jackson Purchase region of Kentucky is comprised of the eight westernmost counties - Ballard, Calloway, Carlisle, Fulton, Graves, Hickman, Marshall and McCracken. It is bordered on the west by the Mississippi River, on the north by the Ohio River, on the east by the Tennessee River and the state of Tennessee to the south. By Kentuckians it is generally referred to simply as "the Purchase".

Andrew Jackson and Isaac Shelby purchased the land lying west of the Tennessee River from the Chickasaw tribe and opened the area for settlement around 1820. Within the next few years, my grandfather's ancestors came there from Virginia, North Carolina and Tennessee - the Beadles, Clapps, Pryors and Wingos settled in Graves County with the Reeves and Halls in neighboring Ballard County.

Tuesday, June 2, 2020

New Portrait of a Clapp Ancestor

In 2013 a post I wrote for this blog shared my recent findings that Mary Boleyn, sister of Anne Boleyn wife of King Henry VIII, was an ancestor of our Clapp-Loy-Tilghman families. On that post I included a photo of a painting by an unknown artist that is on display at Hever Castle, Kent in the United Kingdom. This week I learned that another painting whose subject for many years had been a mystery has recently proved to be Mary Boleyn.

Mary Boleyn by Jordaens Van Dyck
This portrait by artist Jordaens Van Dyck had been sitting unidentified in the Royal Collection for hundreds of years until recent research determined the identity of the subject. It would appear that there were several artists painting the same subject because although very different, the clothing and jewelry are exactly the same in the portrait included in my 2013 post and this Van Dyck painting although it is possible that the second portrait was a copy of the Van Dyck. Nonetheless, the newly discovered painting of our ancestor Mary Boleyn is lovely and worth sharing.

The Tilghman family migrated to the American colonies in 1638 and settled in Somerset County, Maryland. John Tilghman or Tillman is recorded in Mormon records as being the father of Tobias Tillman who served in the Revolutionary War from Orange County, North Carolina. Our ancestor Catherine Tillman, wife of George Loy, of Orange County is believed to be Tobias' sister and the daughter of John. John Tilghman or Tillman to which it was changed after arriving in North Carolina, left Maryland after the death of his father in 1766 and is found in the few scant extant records of extinct Dobbs County, North Carolina in 1769. John's brother Stephen also migrated to Dobbs County at the same time. All of the Dobbs County records other than a few deed indexes were lost in a courthouse fire so the complete story of that family after their arrival in North Carolina may never be fully known but there are tidbits contained in the early Mormon records in Salt Lake City that connect the family to John Tilghman, son of Gideon Tilghman of Somerset County, Maryland.

Read more about the Van Dyck painting in Mary Boleyn is identified...

Thanks to Jayme for sharing the news of these new findings.

2013 Post - JP Ancestors in the Court of Henry VIII

Thursday, May 28, 2020

Benjamin Morgan & Phoebe Settle

1779 Warrant to
Benjamin Morgan
I truly thought I had completed my posts for the Morgan family of Virginia's Northern Neck but I now realize I have much more to share for Benjamin & Phoebe. Over the last twenty years while searching for the actual facts in regard to who the parents of my ancestor Charles Morgan were I have accumulated a tremendous amount of evidence regarding the lives of Benjamin & Phoebe who I found were not Charles' parents as many online sites propose.  There is a copious amount of misinformation online regarding Benjamin and his brother John Morgan. Based upon findings in the records of Wilkes County, North Carolina, it appears that John Morgan & Martha Settle, Phoebe's sister, have been incorrectly credited as the parents of the children of Benjamin & Phoebe.

There do not appear to be any records in Surry or Wilkes (formed from Surry in 1778) counties, North Carolina of John Morgan, brother of Benjamin. The John Morgan in Surry County records is listed, along with Isaac and Joseph Morgan, on the tax lists as a tithe of Benjamin Morgan in 1775. Previously in 1774 Benjamin Morgan is recorded with a total of four male tithes but the names of the children are not listed however they appear to be the same individuals as those in the 1775 tax list. In numerous other records for deeds and land warrants these individuals as well as sons-in-laws Henry and James Gambill are recorded as witnesses to transactions of Benjamin Morgan. The 1779 warrant pictured above for Benjamin Morgan lists the chain carriers for that survey as Armistead and Isaac Morgan. A Wilkes County deed of 14 Dec 1784 from Benjamin Morgan to William Johnson includes as part of the legal description of the land being conveyed "along a conditional line between Benjamin Morgan and his son Charles". [DB A-1 p504-505]

1784 Wilkes County NC Deed
Benjamin Morgan to William Johnson

Wilkes County's 1784 tax list records Benjamin, Charles, Joseph, John (noted as "in Cumberland"), and Armistead Morgan along with Henry Gambill who had married Charity Morgan in 1778. The following year Henry's brother James Gambill would marry Alice Morgan on 24 Jul 1785.

The myths surrounding this family portray Benjamin's brother John Morgan as having married Phoebe Settle Morgan's sister Martha. Martha Settle could not possibly have been the mother of these children since she could not have married before 1761 as documented in a suit among the heirs of Isaac Settle. As late as 1761 Martha Settle was yet unmarried. In a Fauquier County VA chancery case among the heirs of Isaac Settle, Martha was listed as Martha Settle while her sister Phoebe is listed as the wife of husband Benjamin Morgan. The 1760 chancery case is styled Gerard Wilkinson et al vs. Exe. of Isaac Suttle and available online in the Library of Virginia's Chancery Index. Additionally, John Morgan was married to Alice Cole and is named in the 1757 Culpeper County will of her father John Cole. The will states "I give to each of my sons in law, William Reynolds and John Morgan one cow and calf". John Cole's will also leaves a bequest to a William Morgan and is witnessed by that William Morgan and a Charles Morgan. His widow Susannah Cole died in 1761 and she mentions daughter Alice Morgan in her will. John Morgan also witnessed the will of Benjamin Taylor in February of 1775 in Culpeper County.

Chancery Case among heirs of Isaac Suttle
The prevailing Morgan myths have also credited John with being the Capt. John Morgan of Surry County, North Carolina who served during the Revolution, but that is not correct. Because of the fact that he was living in Surry County during the Revolution it seems to have been assumed that he was a member of the Fauquier County, Virginia Morgan family and brother of Benjamin. Benjamin Morgan and his sons lived in the area of Surry County, which became Wilkes and was located just below the New River. That area is now part of Allegheny County, North Carolina. Capt. John Morgan lived in a completely different area of Surry County, which became Stokes County in 1789 after the end of the Revolution.

John Morgan's wife is recorded in Stokes County deed records as Elizabeth (Betty) in two 1794 deeds where they sold portions of his original Surry County 400 acre land grant. John Morgan was recorded in the 1790 census of Stokes County in a household including himself, his wife, 5 males under 16 and 4 daughters. At the bottom of this post see scan of the Stokes County 1793 tax list for Capt. John Morgan's District which includes John in addition to Valentine Morgan who is believed to be his son. His wife Elizabeth died before 1800 for there is no wife listed on the 1800 census with John and three of his children. Capt.John Morgan died in Stokes County, North Carolina in 1819. He never migrated to Tennessee and was not killed by indians there. His estate was recorded in June Court of 1819 when an administrator was appointed. The Stokes County estate file has very little biographical information and the only child named was Elizabeth McAnnally with a notation that his other children were not living in the area. Nothing has been found in the records of Surry and Wilkes Counties that would support the belief that John Morgan and Martha Ann Settle married and were living there during the time Benjamin and these Morgan children were.

1795 Will of Jeremiah Morgan
Will Book 1, pg 2
The earliest records of the Cumberland Settlements of Middle Tennessee such as Ramsey's Annals of Tennessee written in 1858 and Early Times in Middle Tennessee written by John Carr in 1857 simply state - "They (the indians) killed old Mr. Morgan, the father of Esquire John Morgan, who owned the fort near that place...They killed Captain Charles Morgan and old Mr. Gibson, near where Gen. Hall now lived...They killed Armsted Morgan, a brother of Captain Charles Morgan, and a fine-humored, well-disposed young man, while he was guiding through from "South-west Point" Captain Handly and a company of men for the protection of the Cumberland settlements." It is only in much later publications written more than 100 years after these events that "old Mr. Morgan" begins to be identified as John Morgan.

Benjamin Morgan is documented as being present in Sumner County by 1787 for that year he was listed as a delinquent taxpayer along with Armistead Morgan who had also been killed that year. The only John Morgan listed in these Cumberland Settlement census records is John Morgan, the son-in-law of Maj. Hall. In December of 1804 a public sale was advertised for 320 acres on Bledsoe's Creek which belonged to Benjamin Morgan. The property was taken to satisfy a judgment obtained by Winchester and Cage. Evidence from the historical, primary records reveal that Benjamin Morgan was the "old Mr. Morgan" who was killed by indians in 1787.

After Benjamin's death, Phoebe Settle Morgan remained in the area of Logan and Simpson Counties of Kentucky. Her youngest daughter Mary Morgan was widowed when her first husband, her cousin Jeremiah, son of Simon Morgan of Fauquier County, Virginia, died in July of 1795. When Jeremiah died, he and Mary were also living in Logan County, Kentucky. His will of the 17th of June 1795 which included Phoebe as one of the witnesses left his plantation in Logan County to his widow Mary. Daughter Phoebe also lived in that area of Logan County where she married Leonard West in 1798. In August Court of 1803, Phoebe is recorded with a land entry for 100 acres on Red River. The last known record mentioning Phoebe Settle Morgan was on the 20th of October in 1809 when a deed from William Stewart to Leonard West includes "Phoebe Morgan's boundary line" in the legal description of the tract. [DB:B P:607]

Phoebe Morgan
Logan KY Land Entry - August 1803
Over the past century, the story of this Morgan family has been distorted to include a soldier of the American Revolution, Capt. John Morgan of Surry County NC. as an ancestor. This misinformation has been further spread in the book "Tennessee Records: Bible Records and Marriage Bonds" published in 2009. The information as pertains to the later Morgan generations after they settled in Tennessee appears to be accurate but the assertions pertaining to the earliest Morgan settlers and the death of "old Mr. Morgan" have no corresponding historical documentation. Although the book includes in its title "bible records" there seem to be none that pertain to this Morgan family. There are also no Morgan family Bibles found in records at the Tennessee State Library online. Sadly the inaccurate information that has been disseminated regarding this family may prevent any widespread acceptance of the true story of Benjamin Morgan and his wife Phoebe Settle, but I felt I should share what I've learned over the course of these many years which is that there is a preponderance of evidence that Charles, Isaac, Joseph, John, Alice, Charity, Armistead, Phoebe and Mary Morgan were their children.

More documents pertaining to Benjamin & Phoebe Morgan:

Wilkes County NC Map of Earliest Grants



Monday, May 11, 2020

Our Immigrant Morgan Ancestor

After many years of researching Morgans in the American colonies to try to find the ancestors of our Morgan 4th great grandfather Charles Morgan, we finally have a documented trail back to Anthony Morgan of Bristol, England. The Morgan name is known to be Welsh in origin and Bristol is just across the Bristol Channel from Cardiff in Wales. Charles Morgan served as a Captain in the militia forces of South Carolina during the American Revolution. Before his death in 1832, he filed a pension request on that service and it is that document that set me off on the path to finding his family and their origins.

Harbor in Bristol, England
Anthony Morgan arrived in Old Rappahannock County along with a Charles Morgan who is described as "of the city of Bristol, mariner" in a 1678 power of attorney. That POA is recorded in Old Rappahannock County [DB6 p203-205].

In 1668 Anthony Morgan apprenticed himself to Mrs. Sarah Walker of Rappahannock County for a term of seven (7) years [DB 4 p97]. This would suggest that Anthony was around 18 years old at the time which would make his date of birth around 1650.

By 1679 Anthony is recorded in the land records of Old Rappahannock which include the mention of his wife, Elizabeth. Throughout the 1680's christenings recorded in the North Farnham Parish Register document the birth of most of his children: Charles christened 28 December 1680, Bridgett christened 14 September 1682, Anny christened 14 March 1684 and Anthony christened 20 November 1686. Son Robert Morgan does not appear in the parish register but is recorded along with Anthony II as a stepson and legatee in the 1703 will of John Ware to whom their mother Elizabeth was married after the death of Anthony Morgan I circa 1688.

In July 1711 Anthony Morgan II married Ann Duncan but by February of 1728/29, he was bound by the Richmond County Court for abusing his wife Ann and living in adultery with Sarah Ann Simonds. [Richmond County Trials 1710-54:113,145]. In 1740, he sold the mill referred to in Richmond County records as "Morgans Mill" and the adjoining land to Capt. Willoughby Newton [DB9 p667-669]. Anthony Morgan II was deceased by the 5th of March 1748 when his son Anthony Morgan III, described as "of Prince William County", filed an inventory in Richmond County as administrator of his estate. On that same date, Anthony III, as administrator, also filed an inventory of the estate of William Morgan, presumably his brother.

Sale of Morgan's Mill to
Capt. Willoughby Newton
The first extant Order Book of Prince William County 1752-1753, p. 188 dated 24 July 1753, cites a suit brought by Willoughby Newton against Anthony Morgan, executor of Anthony Morgan. In 1755 in Prince William County, Anthony Morgan was appointed constable in the room of Lazarus Taylor [OB 1754-1755 p221]. His residence in that area is further supported by the index of the only extant ledger of Daniel Payne's Dumfries Stores. That ledger which covers the years 1758 to 1763 documents that Anthony Morgan was living in the Prince William County area throughout those years. The online assertions that the children of Anthony and Mary Morgan were all born in Brunswick County is proven completely false by the records of Prince William and Fauquier counties. Son Charles, in his 1832 Revolutionary War pension statement provides his date of birth as 1757 and the place of that birth as Fauquier, Virginia. Until the extant ledger from Daniel Payne's Dumfries Store was discovered there seemed to be no way to document Charles' statements but that is no longer the case.

Fauquier County was formed in 1759 from Prince William County. A Bill of Sale dated 26 August 1763 from Anthony Morgan described as "of Fauquier County" to Bennett Price further documents the statement made by Charles Morgan in his RW pension application and coincides with the dates from the Dumfries Store ledger.

After Anthony Morgan and family left the Prince William/Fauquier area of Virginia, they are next documented in Surry County, North Carolina. The 1771 tax list of Surry County lists Anthony Morgan, Samuel Morgan and Anthony Morgan, Jr. Again in 1772 Anthony and Samuel Morgan are recorded as taxpayers in Surry County, but Anthony Morgan, Jr. was absent from the tax list that year. He has not been found in any further records and may have died around this time. It's curious that about this same time Anthony's cousin Benjamin Morgan with his family also migrated to Surry County and are found there in the 1774 tax records. The RW pension affidavit of son Charles Morgan establishes that Anthony's family was living in the area of York County, South Carolina by 1775 when Charles was recruited in the Revolutionary forces there.

1478 Map of Bristol City
In February of 1787, Anthony and his wife Mary Morgan conveyed several tracts of land on Broad River to William McBrayer. After these transactions both are believed to have died by around 1795 but there are no probate records available. Without probate records, their children have been identified by an abundance of inferential data in census and land records of that area. Their children were Samuel, married Elizabeth MNU, and Anthony Jr. both born before 1750 since they were listed as adults in tax records of 1771. Charles Morgan born 1757 married Lurena Arendell, John Morgan, born about 1759 also married an Elizabeth whose maiden name is unknown, Nancy "Nannie" Morgan born about 1760 who married John Sarratt, Margaret Morgan about 1762 unmarried in 1786, William Morgan born about 1763 married Elizabeth Arendell, Elizabeth Morgan born about 1765 married John Hugh Quinn and Peter Morgan born about 1769 married Noal Daffron.

After the death of Anthony and Mary Morgan, the descendants of many of their children, primarily John and Peter remained in the York/Spartanburg area while Charles, William and several of the sons of Samuel migrated to Kentucky after 1800. Now their descendants are spread throughout the country.

Other posts on the blog about this Morgan Family -
The Charles Morgan Hall Family
Hall Ancestor - Charles Morgan
Morgan Family Myths
Identifying Our Morgan DNA
Finally Found - our Morgan Family Ancestor
More About Anthony Morgan III

Tuesday, March 24, 2020

Exciting Beadles DNA News

For a very long time, descendants of Lewis Yancey Beadles of Graves County, Kentucky and descendants of Basset Beadles who settled just south of Graves County in Weakley County, Tennessee have been searching for their origins. Karen Frazer who descends from Basset has been working with her own family members and descendants of other Beatles families to encourage male family members with the Beadles surname to participate in Y-DNA testing at Family Tree DNA. In the last week Karen has shared the matching Y-DNA results of a descendant of Basset Beadles to a descendant of James Beadles of Louisa County, Virginia who was the uncle of our ancestor Lewis Yancey Beadles of the Jackson Purchase. To add to these great results, there was also a descendant of Edmond Beadles whose DNA matched. Edmond Beadles was initially from Louisa County and also migrated to Kentucky.

Both Lewis Yancey Beadles and Basset Beadles were born in Virginia and migrated to the Jackson Purchase area shortly after it was opened for settlement arriving in May and June of 1830. Lewis Yancey Beadles received his first land grant from the Bureau of Land Management on the 31st of May 1830. Less than a month later on the 17th of June 1830, Bassett Beadles and his son William both received grants all of which are recorded in Kentucky's grants west of the Tennessee River.

The map of the Jackson Purchase area above points out Wingo, Kentucky where Lewis Yancey Beadles received six (6) sections of land adjoining the section granted to his son-in-law Jerman Jeduthan Wingo for whom the town derived it's name.

Basset's first land grant in 1830 was in the area of Cuba, Kentucky to the southeast of the town of Wingo where Lewis Yancey Beadles had settled. Within the next few years Basset moved further south and is recorded in Weakley County, Tennessee in 1840. The town of Dukedom in Weakley County is credited with having been named for Basset's son Duke.

During the 1850's Basset's son William was also a resident of Graves County, Kentucky where he was the County Clerk. William's two sons, Alfred and Marshal, became physicians and Dr. Alfred Beadles practiced in Wingo, Kentucky.

It has been speculated that these Beadles' families may have been related but until Karen received the Y-DNA results, there was nothing more than proximity to connect the two families of the Jackson Purchase. Since he was listed on the tax lists of Louisa County, proximity is also the only thing to connect the third matching Y-DNA tester's probable ancestor Edmund Beadles to brothers James and William Beadles.

There were two Edmund Beadles of the same era, one living in King William County who was a Revolutionary War soldier and brother to Joel Beadles. That Edmund does not appear to have ever left the Tidewater area for his Revolutionary War pension statement given in 1834 states that he was at that time a resident of King William County and had always been. I had initially believed that a small scrap with Edmund Beadles' signature as a witness in the file of a Louisa County chancery suit involving William and his brother James Beadles was the Edmund Beadles who migrated to Pittsylvania County and subsequently to Kentucky, but recently discovered that he signed with an X on several deeds in Pittsylvania which indicates that the signature is not his. This second Edmund Beadles who is believed to be the ancestor of the third Y-DNA tester is recorded on the tax lists of Louisa County along with brothers William and James Beadles. In 1782, Edmund or Edmond was listed on the tax lists there but by 1795 he was apparently living in Pittsylvania County for he is listed on their tax lists of that year. In 1788 he was joined by Rice and Seaton Beadles on those Pittsylvania tax lists. Two deeds dated 1797 that name him along with wife Unity indicate that they were selling their property in Virginia prior to migrating to Kentucky. By August 16, 1800 Edmond and Rice Beadles were listed on the tax lists of Lincoln County, Kentucky. The third DNA tester descends from John Beadles who married Priscilla Harralson in Person County, North Carolina around 1792 and is believed to be a son of Edmond. Person County is just below Pittsylvania County on the Virginia-North Carolina border. John was still recorded in Person County in the 1800 census but within a few years, he had settled in Mercer County, Kentucky adjoining Lincoln County.

This by no means solves all of the mysteries of the Beadles of Virginia's Tidewater region, but these Y-DNA results are an important discovery in regard to the research of the Beadles families of Virginia and has proven that they were very closely related. All three of the Beadles' descendants whose Y-DNA matched are extremely close genetically, matching on 109 of 111 SNP markers.

If you are a male Beadles' descendant with the Beadles surname, please consider participating in the Y-DNA project at Family Tree DNA and further adding to our knowledge of these families.

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

The William Hall Family

The name Hall is extremely difficult to research since there are so many different Hall families and our information for William Hall, the father of our ancestor Adam is so scant. If Adam's sons David and Charles Morgan Hall had not been profiled in Kentucky: A History of The State, by W.H. Perrin, J.H. Battle & G.C. Kniffin, published in 1885 we would not have known who his parents were. Thanks to that book with a collection of biographies contributed by individuals still living at the time, we know that Adam's father was William Hall, a soldier of the Revolution, and his wife was Abigail King, both of Virginia.

The first appearance of a William Hall in Logan County, Kentucky appears to be in the tax lists on Drakes Creek in 1797. From 1800 until at least 1813, a William Hall continues to be listed with 245 acres on Drakes Creek. This was initially believed to be William, father of Adam Hall but after a week of searching through the tax, deed and probate records of Logan County it has become clear that this is the William Hall, Revolutionary Soldier, who received a warrant for a 200 acre tract on Whippoorwill Creek in Logan County. These had seemed like two different people until the survey of the Drakes Creek acreage clarified the identity of the William Hall of both surveys. William Hall of the Whippoorwill Creek tract had married Margaret Neely on 25 October 1797 in Logan County. A deed recorded in Deed Book C, pg. 353 conveying the Whippoorwill tract establishes that Margaret was the wife of that William Hall. Additionally the survey of the Drakes Creek land also establishes that was owned by the same William Hall for the survey for that tract names Thomas Neely, probable relative of Margarets and an adjoining property owner as does the deed for the Whippoorwill tract which was sold to Thomas Neely.

After my recent searches of the records of Logan, Butler and Ohio counties, I am convinced that William Hall, husband of Abigail King, died soon after his arrival in Kentucky. The older William Hall of the 1797 tax list may have been him but all of the other listings in the Logan County tax records for a William Hall appear to be William, husband of Margaret Neely. By the 1820 census of Ohio County, Abigail had apparently remarried and may have again been widowed for she is listed as the head of household with the surname Hunter, living in the next residence to those of sons James and Adam Hall.

The 1807 tax lists of Logan County list James and David Hall, each over 21 years of age and with 50 acres. They are listed again in 1808, James with 30 acres on Deer Lick Creek and two other tracks that appear to be rents from individuals named Haws. David is not listed with land in this list but does have three horses. In 1808 younger brother Adam is also listed as under 21 years of age. In both of these years, the Hall sons are listed just below a Peter Hunter which would indicate that they made the trip to the courthouse to pay their taxes together. This raises the question as to whether it was Peter Hunter to whom widowed Abigail Hall was married prior to the 1820 census.

The family was counted in Butler County, Kentucky in the 1810 census. It appears that William Hall was definitely deceased by that year for the 1810 census lists son James as the head of a household that included a male child under 10 years old, 2 younger brothers, 6 sisters (possibly 5 sisters and James' wife) in addition to two older females each over 45 years of age. In 1811 both James and David were listed on the tax lists in Butler County. Again in 1812 they were listed there and joined by younger brother Adam showing a total of 230 acres on the waters of Muddy River. By the census of 1820 the Hall family was found in Ohio County. That census records Abigail Hunter as the head of household with sons James and Adam living in the next residences. David is also present in Ohio County but listed separately.

Adam married Edith Ann "Edy" Morgan, daughter of Charles Morgan and Lurena Arnold (Arendell) on 1 December 1819 in Butler County, Kentucky. His brother David had married Edy's sister Susannah, another of Charles Morgan's daughters, on the 19th of October 1812. All 3 Hall brothers had been listed on the tax lists of Ohio County, Kentucky with land along the Green River in the records there prior to 1820.

It appears that Abigail King Hall Hunter passed away sometime around 1823 for the last tax list that records her in Ohio County was 1822. William Hunter may have been a son or brother of Abigail's second husband. He was obviously of some relation to Abigail's deceased husband and is recorded as a party to various deeds in conjunction with James, David and Adam Hall. One of those deeds even states that it was the land where Hunter, James, David and Adam Hall then lived. Presumably these deeds are in effect selling the lands left to them by their mother, Abigail Hunter, but the intent is not made clear in any of the deeds. In February of 1826 there are several deeds executed by William Hunter who appears to be signing as security on notes or mortgages by the Hall children, Adam, David, James and Polly (Mary) in Ohio County.

After an intense several weeks of research on this Hall family, I still have more questions than answers but at least I've learned a little more about the family. I've also had some significant autosomal DNA matches that could eventually connect our Hall line back several generations. One of the most interesting appears to be DNA matches to an Adam Hall originally of Massachusetts who settled in Adair County, Kentucky bordering Logan. The name of the patriarch of several generations of that family was Adam, which, in conjunction with the DNA match, could be noteworthy. For now this will have to be enough, but the search to find William Hall's origins will continue.